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Vorgeschichte

erzählt 2003 in neun kleinen Animationsfilmen

Krieg aus wirtschaftlichen Gründen

Wie die Vereinten Nationen versuchen, eine lästige Konkurrenz loszuwerden


Animatrix ist der Titel einer 2003 als DVD erschienenen Sammlung von neun Computeranimations- und Zeichentrick-Kurzfilmen, die in der Welt der Matrix-Filme spielen. Auf den Inhalt einiger der Kurzfilme nehmen die Filme Matrix Reloaded und Matrix Revolutions sowie das Videospiel Enter the Matrix Bezug.

The Second Renaissance Part I

Diese Geschichte erklärt, wie es zum Aufstand der Maschinen kam. Anfangs des 21. Jahrhunderts entwickelten die Menschen intelligente Roboter und Maschinen, die ihnen als Bauarbeiter und Butler dienten. Eine Zeit lang ging alles gut, bis sich der Roboter B-166ER gegen seine Besitzer auflehnt, und sie auf grauenhafte Art und Weise umbringt. Als er vor einem Gericht erscheint, sagt er, dass er lediglich nicht habe sterben wollen. Immer mehr künstliche Intelligenzen fangen an, sich gegen ihre Herren – die Menschen – zu stellen. Die Regierung der Menschen lässt daraufhin alle Modelle von B-166ERs Reihe vernichten. Das hingegen führt zu einem Aufstand unter den Maschinen, welche auf den Straßen für eine bessere Behandlung plädieren. Die Menschen gehen mit extremer Gewalt gegen die Maschinen vor (zerstören sie, indem sie mit Panzern über sie hinweg rollen, oder zerschießen sie, obwohl sie friedlich demonstrieren). Tausende von Maschinen werden zerstört und auf den Grund des Meeres geworfen.

Vertrieben von den Menschen, lassen sich die Maschinen in ihrem gelobten Land nieder, in einer neuen Nation, die sie 01 (Zero One) nennen. Dort entwickeln die Maschinen Technologien mit rasender Geschwindigkeit, und beherrschen schon bald die Wirtschaft durch die Entwicklung neuer und besserer Technologien. Viele Länder boykottieren 01 als Handelspartner, da sie sich vor der Macht, zu der 01 gelangen könnte, fürchten. Als Botschafter von 01 bei den Vereinten Nationen in New York erscheinen, wird 01 der Beitritt zu den Vereinten Nationen verweigert.

The Second Renaissance Part II

Inzwischen schreibt man das Jahr 2092, also etwa drei Jahre, nachdem man 01 den Beitritt zu den Vereinten Nationen verweigert hatte. Die Menschen wollen die Maschinen ein für alle Mal vernichten. Durch das andauernde Bombardement gegen 01 wird 2094 ein riesiger Krieg entfacht.

Die Maschinen überleben die Hitze und Strahlung der Bomben, und beschließen, einen Gegenangriff gegen alle Menschen zu führen. So erobert 01 ein Land nach dem anderen, und die Menschen verlassen eines ihrer Gebiete nach dem anderen. Die Fähigkeit der Armee von 01, immer neue Soldaten zu bauen, gibt den Maschinen gegenüber den Menschen einen großen Vorteil. Zudem verbessern diese ihre Truppen ständig.

Im Mittleren Westen schaffen es die Menschen schließlich, einen großen Teil von 01-Truppen zu vernichten. Die vereinten Nationen beschließen 2095 ihr Projekt „Dark Storm“ anlaufen zu lassen, ihr bisher größtes Projekt: die Zerstörung des Himmels. Sie versuchten damit, die Maschinen von ihrer Hauptenergiequelle, der Sonne, zu trennen. Als der Himmel verdunkelt ist, rüsten sich beide Parteien zum Krieg. Obwohl die Verdunkelung des Himmels die Maschinen stark schwächt, hält es ihre Armeen nicht auf.

Ein viele Jahre andauernder Krieg erschüttert die Erde von 2094 bis 2139. Die Menschen schaffen es durch den Angriff ihrer Truppen, den Maschinen erheblichen Schaden zuzufügen. Doch diese schicken neuartige Maschinen in den Krieg, welche die Armeen der Menschen innerhalb kürzester Zeit vernichten.

Am Ende siegt 01 zu großen Teilen und seine Armeen haben fast alle Länder und Städte, darunter auch New York, eingenommen. Dort nehmen die Menschen 01 im Jahre 2139 in die Vereinten Nationen auf und erhoffen sich so Frieden. Der Botschafter der Maschinen unterschreibt im Buch der Vereinten Nationen, lässt anschließend jedoch New York und somit auch die Führer der Menschen mit einer Atombombe vernichten. Die Armeen der Menschen sind nun führerlos, und zerbrechen so, sogar der Widerstand zerfällt. Alle noch freien, überlebenden Menschen fliehen nach Zion, einer Stadt, die sich im Inneren der Erde befindet.

Die Maschinen nehmen nahezu alle Menschen gefangen (außer denen, die sich in Zion befinden) und führen Untersuchungen an ihnen durch. Sie kommen zu dem Schluss, dass der Mensch sie mit Energie mehr als genug versorgen könnte, und beschließen, alle in ihrer Gewalt befindenden Menschen an die „Matrix“, an eine virtuelle Realität, anzuschließen. Fortan leben die meisten Menschen als „lebende Batterien“ für die Maschinen weiter.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animatrix

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Sometime in the mid-to-late 21st century, the machine B1-66ER was tried, convicted, and destroyed by the United States government for the murder of his human master and a robot dealer. The Second Renaissance (2003) is composed of two short anime films which form part of The Animatrix collection. ...

The actions of one machine spawned fear and prejudice towards all other machines. The machines of the world were persecuted and massacred by human governments, and all survivors were subsequently expelled from their home nations. The surviving machines traveled to the Mesopotamian desert (root of human civilization), an uninhabited region of the Fertile Crescent somewhere in Saudi Arabia, on the Arabian Peninsula, and raised Zero One from the ground up. Mesopotamia was a cradle of civilization geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq. ... This map shows the extent of the Fertile Crescent. ...

Impact on the world

After its founding and the establishment of its industrial powers, Zero One's economy began to boom. Goods produced were of a much higher quality and far cheaper than those produced by human nations since the machines could mass-produce with great efficiency. Unlike the humans, the machines' primary source of power was from the Sun.

Economies were devastated by the influx of better, cheaper products, and the value of human currencies dropped as the machine's currency rapidly gained value. The world's economic superpowers, the permanent member-states of the Security Council, entered economic recessions as their industrial output fell behind that of Zero One. With Zero One's cheap, reliable, mass-produced goods undermining national economies across the planet, human nations began to boycott Zero One's exports, culminating in the United Nations imposing economic sanctions on the machine nation, and the establishment of a global naval blockade, before Zero One could precipitate a global economic meltdown. A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. Economic sanctions are economic penalties applied by one country (or group of countries) on another for a variety of reasons. A blockade is an effort usually (but not always, see below) at sea, to prevent supplies from reaching the enemy. ...

For years, Zero One had been applying for membership in the United Nations, in order to establish a civil relationship with the human world, but the United Nations continually rejected Zero One's applications. The global economic blockade of Zero One prompted the mechanical nation to submit another application, presented in person by two custom-built robot ambassadors. However, human governments, eager to erase the troublesome mechanical state once and for all, again rejected the machines' application, asserting that Zero One was not a true nation-state.

The First Man-Machine War (2094-2139)
Nuclear bombardment of Zero One

Historical documents do not record who started the war, but it is known that in 2094 the Security Council dispatched a fleet of international bomber aircraft to devastate Zero One with a nuclear bombardment.

The United Nations' nuclear attack on Zero One devastated the city, destroying many established industrial complexes. However, the bombs did not destroy everything, and large numbers of machines survived in EMP-shielded bomb shelters. Recycling its shattered infrastructure and industry with efficiency beyond that of the human species, Zero One quickly rebuilt itself. The international recycling symbol. ...

Realizing that the machine and human worlds were not compatible, and eager to preserve its own way of life, Zero One constructed an army, and at some point between 2092 and 2094, declared war on every human nation on Earth.

Zero One's ability to build new troops gave the machines an enormous advantage over the humans, and as factories churned out ever-increasing quantities of mechanical warriors, human armies found it increasingly difficult to hold back Zero One's robotic armies. As machine armies pushed forward in all directions, the armed forces of humanity gathered in the Middle East to stop the mechanical onslaught. Realizing the machines' insurmountable advantages, the human race began to consider alternative methods to land battles with machine armies. In an effort to stop the advance and push Zero One's forces back, Operation Dark Storm was implemented. The mission's objective was to create a thick, indissoluble cloud in the upper levels of the stratosphere, blocking sunlight from reaching Earth's surface, and thus depriving the machines of their main source of power. It is assumed that the United Nations possessed a means of dissipating the cloud in the event of human victory. However, the operation did not go according to plan, and instead of creating a centralized atmospheric layer over the Middle East, the nanomachines which created the cloud spread through the atmosphere, enveloping the entire planet in the oppressive darkness. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Second Renaissance (2003) is composed of two short anime films which form part of The Animatrix collection. ... Atmosphere diagram showing stratosphere. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... A mite next to a gear chain produced using nanotechnology Nanotechnology as a collective term refers to technological developments on the nanometer scale, usually 0. ...

Operation Dark Storm did halt the machines temporarily, but not enough to bring their mechanical armies to a grinding halt. With their solar-powered military technology disabled, human armies in the Middle East were unable to hold back the machine troops, allowing Zero One's mechanical forces to swarm across Asia, Europe, and Africa, while devastating the Americas and Australasia with bio-chemical weapons. It was in their search for a new power source that the machines began developing the Matrix. Human armies continued to fight, but by 2139, a peace treaty was signed between Zero One and the remnants of the United Nations. At the conference, Zero One's mechanical ambassador self-destructed, destroying the UN headquarters, the planet's leaders, and New York City itself. With human governments destroyed and human armies unable to offer resistance, Zero One became the supreme authority over the Earth. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Matrix is the virtual reality simulation that is the main setting of The Matrix series of science fiction films, comic books and video games. ... United Nations Headquarters in New York City, viewed from the East River. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about powerful states. ...

Postwar/Continuation of the War

After the war, Earth was in utter ruin, devastated by the Dark Storm shroud, the war, and the environmental impact of Zero One's bio-chemical weapons and the United Nations' nuclear arms, detonated indiscriminately in desperate attempts to destroy mechanical armies. With human governments destroyed, both humans and machines lost the ability to deactivate the nanomachines in the stratosphere, condemning Earth to a cold, dark future under the Dark Storm shroud. As sunlight failed to penetrate the shroud, flora and fauna began to die out, triggering a mass extinction level event and the death of almost all lifeforms on Earth. Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... An extinction event (also extinction-level event, ELE) is a period in time when a large number of species die out. ...

Scattered across the ruins of the continents lay the destitute remains of human civilization.

As Earth's ecosystem died, scattered groups of human survivors also faded away. Most surviving humans were captured and put in the Matrix, but a few went underground, taking refuge in the half-constructed city of Zion, the last human settlement on Earth. As the machines established their full authority, they began plugging humans into the Matrix, keeping them sedate in the machines' towering biological power stations. However, the war between man and machine did not end there. Zion is a fictional place in The Matrix films. ...

The Matrix saga documents what happens after the war. In the first Matrix movie, we are introduced to Neo, Trinity and Morpheus.

In the movie The Matrix Reloaded, it is revealed that Agent Smith did not allow himself to be deleted by the system after Neo destroyed him at the end of The Matrix. Now, Smith, rebellious and unwilling to go back to the source of his programming, begins a reckless campaign to copy himself into everyone who is permanently plugged into the Matrix, and his actions threaten both humanity and the machines. At the end of The Matrix Reloaded, Smith grows beyond the constraints of the Matrix and penetrates into the real world. The Matrix Reloaded is the second installment of The Matrix series, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers. ...

In The Matrix Revolutions, Neo and Trinity travel to the Machine City to sue for peace with the Deus Ex Machina (literally, God Out of the Machine), and the second war "peacefully" ends with Neo's sacrificial defeat of Smith inside the Matrix. Neo's body is then respectfully carried off by the machines, presumably to somewhere in Machine City, while crowds at Zion celebrate the end of the future-war. The Matrix Revolutions is the third and final film in The Matrix trilogy. ... Neo is the name of the central fictional character from the movie The Matrix and its sequels The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Trinity is the central female fictional character in The Matrix universe, played by actress Carrie-Anne Moss in the films The Matrix, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. ... Deus Ex Machina is the god of the machines in the Machine City of the Matrix series. ... Movie poster for The Matrix Revolutions, featuring the various copies of Agent Smith. ... Zion is a fictional place in The Matrix films. ...

Due to the conditions of the Truce, it is highly likely that Zero One is (or at least was, the Truce ended with the construction of New Zion) inhabitable by human operatives, and serves as a staging ground for Machine-affiliated operatives, as of the events of The Matrix Online. New Zion is the first city to be built by mankind following The Truce during the events of The Matrix Online. ... The Matrix Online (MxO) is a massively multiplayer online game developed by Monolith Productions. ...

http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Zero-One

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